The power of healing architecture
The importance of good design in healthcare cannot be overstated and there’s a growing body of research demonstrating that patient outcomes are significantly influenced by the physical setting and environmental quality of a healthcare facility. Healing architecture is a holistic approach that takes into consideration interior and building design when creating spaces for patients and residents for healing and recovery. A well-designed environment allows medical professionals to make better decisions, the standard of care to rise, and patients to heal more quickly.
Healthcare buildings are complex spaces that incorporate high-level technology to fulfil a range of functions. An effective design integrates these functional requirements with the human needs of patients, visitors and staff, as well as the complex set of regulations, codes and standards that must be adhered to when designing such buildings. “Every single element that goes into creating a building, from the raw materials to its structural design, has a sizable impact on the health of its occupants and the surrounding environment,” says Peter Tollens, Category Manager at CSR Gyprock.
The current gold standard in healthcare design is an ‘evidence-based’ methodology that puts the patient at the centre of the design process and acknowledges patient responses to their physical environment. Everyone involved in the design process must consider how the materials used within the building shape the patients’ and residents’ experience. There is an increasing understanding that all the design elements in a building can contribute to a ‘healing environment’ that can improve patient recovery and staff productivity, and this includes walls and ceilings.
Here, Peter Tollens from CSR Gyprock outlines some of the key considerations for modern healthcare environments, incorporating potential wall and ceiling solutions that can help meet a variety of modern design solutions.
Indoor Air Quality
Maintaining adequate indoor air quality is essential to our health and wellbeing. A recent study has highlighted the need for better monitoring of indoor air quality as smoke, fungal spores, and chemicals used in certain paints, varnishes and cleaners can lead to poor indoor air quality, which can be more polluted than outside air. Within healthcare facilities, particle boards, carpets, and other building materials release volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air that can be inhaled by both patients and staff. Exposure to harmful VOCs can affect the invariably weakened immune systems of patients, and cause healthcare professionals to experience headaches, fatigue, dryness, and eye and skin irritation.
To minimise such effects, the Green Building Council of Australia (GBCA) Green Star Rating Tools encourage product suppliers, designers, and specifiers to use certified low VOC-emitting materials and finishes. A great choice is CSR Gyprock’s EC08 plasterboard range, which is GECA-certified and has low VOC emissions that make it an ideal choice for applications where maintaining high levels of indoor air quality is important.
Healthcare buildings are frequented by people with varying degrees of mobility spread out over large, expansive buildings, thus making fire safety among the highest priorities in facility design. In order to contain the fire in manageable compartments and stop it from spreading in the unlikely event of a fire, passive fire protection must be built into the structure of the building. By creating compartments within a building and separating them from one another with fire-resistant walls, floors and ceilings, the spread of fire within the structure can be controlled.
The durability of wall and ceiling materials is a key consideration in high-traffic areas such as hospitals. Due to the nature of healthcare facilities, the majority of spaces are subject to heavy use, which can cause serious interior damage to walls. As a result of a greater movement of mobile equipment in corridors, the damage is typically more severe, so walls will generally require greater protection. In addition, tears, dents, and cracks in walls and ceilings can harbour dirt and bacteria, which can spread disease and also increase maintenance and cleaning costs. Designers should consider impact-resistant wall sheets or panel protection systems. CSR Gyprock’s new EC08 Extreme is a premium, multifunctional plasterboard, which has been engineered for extreme impact, highly suitable for a healthcare setting.
A big focal point of creating effective healing spaces is the consideration of acoustics, with this aspect of the design impacting patients, residents and staff. Numerous studies show that patients are adversely affected by excess noise while they are hospitalised. The findings of these studies demonstrate how noise exposure affects a variety of physiological and psychological processes, including speech processing, sleep quality, and more, with a good acoustic environment assisting in a patient’s healing process. In addition, healthcare staff can also suffer negative effects from internal noise levels, with increased levels of stress and fatigue, poor job performance, hearing damage from loud noises, general annoyance, and a higher rate of job burnout resulting from a poor acoustic environment.
Acoustic performance of walls and ceilings should be considered in the early design stages of healthcare facilities. The walls, roofs and ceilings services of the building must incorporate solutions to control reverberation, maintain acoustic separation between rooms, and minimise the effects of internal and external noise. “Every component of a healthcare building contributes to the quality of the interior environment. This is particularly true when selecting materials that influence multiple areas in a design. Gyprock’s EC08 Complete is an excellent and versatile choice for a range of applications within a healthcare facility that positively affects acoustic resistance,” says Peter.
Apart from the health impacts that design and architecture can have on building occupants, the raw materials chosen will affect the surrounding environment. Several factors should be considered when assessing the sustainability of building products, including their lifespan, embodied emissions, lifecycle energy consumption, resource use, and recycling potential. A lightweight material that lowers transportation expenses and emissions, plasterboard is a highly sustainable product as the majority of it is recyclable after use. The plasterboard industry also promotes greater recycling by supporting various recycling programs and focusing on resource efficiency in their manufacturing operations.
Read the whitepaper here.
 See, e.g, Huisman, E.R.C.M., E. Morales, J. van Hoof and H.S.M. Kort “Healing environment: A review of the impact of physical environmental factors on users.” Building and Environment, Vol. 58 (2012): 70-80.
 Kumar, Prashant, Andreas Skouloudis, Margaret Bell, Mar Viana, M. Carotta, George Biskos and Lidia Morawska. “Real-time sensors for indoor air monitoring and challenges ahead in deploying them to urban buildings.” Science of the Total Environment, Vols. 560-561 (2016): 150-159.
 Fonseca, Ana, Isabel Abreau, Maria Joao Guerreiro and Nelson Barros. “Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Units—A Systematic Literature Review Focusing Recent Research.” Sustainability, Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022): 967.
 Jue, Katie and Dan Nathan-Roberts. “How Noise Affects Patients in Hospitals.” Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Vol. 63, No. 1: 1510-1514.
 ScienceDaily. “Rise In Hospital Noise Poses Problems For Patients And Staff.” Science Daily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/11/051121101949.htm (accessed 1 November 2022)