Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance features in most modern day cities and can be found in any number of places including busy public areas, airports, shopping centres, hospitals, banks, and casinos, and even in buses, trains and taxis.
These surveillance security systems are generally owned by either local government or private entities seeking to deter crime or at least document any activity within a particular area. We are all aware of the CCTV cameras around us; however there are privacy concerns as to how the footage might be used, with some feeling that CCTV is an invasion of privacy.
Additionally, the increase of affordable CCTV surveillance cameras from electronic and home stores has also seen the number of residential CCTV systems increase considerably.
Studies have discovered that it is unclear whether CCTV systems are effective as crime deterrents, even if they do assist with law enforcement. It is therefore advisable for CCTV to be incorporated into a long term crime prevention strategy.
CCTV laws, codes of practise and ethics concerning privacy differ throughout the Australian States and Territories. These pertain to such issues as use of CCTV to monitor staff and the fact that CCTV should never be deployed in toilets and changing rooms.
Before installing a CCTV system it is advisable to find out how the laws and codes of practice and ethics are applicable to your particular application.
Additional information can be obtained from the ASIAL website under the sections:
- Legislation and regulations; and
- Codes, governance and standards