In what would be an interesting comparative study for Australia, a pair of researchers with New York University Abu Dhabi has found a connection between the location of post offices in the formative years of the United States and modern crime rates.
In their paper published recently in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jeffrey Jensen and Adam Ramey describe collecting data on early U.S. post office locations and mapped them with data from modern crime statistics and what they found.
In the years that followed the American Revolution of 1776, most of the people that worked for the federal government actually worked for the postal system, so Jensen and Ramey wondered if the choices early Americans made for post office locations had any lasting impact on the growing nation.
To find out, the pair collected data on early post offices, finding their locations in 1890 and comparing them graphically with modern data. In mapping their data, the pair took note of possible factors that could impact the history of an area that was the site of a post office, such as racial makeup, degree of manufacturing in an area, railway connections and even how many people in a given area turned out for presidential elections. They then added modern crime rates to the maps to see if there might be anything that stood out.
The maps showed lower crime rates on average in the areas surrounding the former post office sites—most particularly, murders and rapes. They also found that people who live in those areas in modern times tend to live longer on average than the general populace.
The researchers acknowledge that their findings could be coincidental, but they also say that there are possible explanations for what they found, like that early post offices tended to be built close to newspaper publishing entities, which meant both types of operations tended to be located near government buildings.
They also suggest that the local presence of the newspapers may have helped to push governments to put in place local laws to keep crime rates down—and that could have been perpetuated through the years to the present day.
Information from phys.org
Image: Chapel Street